The Value of Deep Learning Image Reconstruction in Improving the Quality of Low-Dose Chest CT Images

Jiu Ming Jiang, Lei Miao, Xin Liang, Zhuo Heng Liu, Li Zhang, Meng Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the value of the deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) algorithm (GE Healthcare’s TrueFidelity™) in improving the image quality of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) of the chest. First, we retrospectively extracted raw data of chest LDCT from 50 patients and reconstructed them by using model-based adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo at 50% (ASIR-V 50%) and DLIR at medium and high strengths (DLIR-M and DLIR-H). Three sets of images were obtained. Next, two radiographers measured the mean CT value/image signal and standard deviation (SD) in Hounsfield units at the region of interest (ROI) and calculated the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Two radiologists subjectively evaluated the image quality using a 5-point Likert scale. The differences between the groups of data were analyzed through a repeated measures ANOVA or the Friedman test. Last, our result show that the three reconstructions did not differ significantly in signal (p > 0.05) but had significant differences in noise, SNR, and CNR (p < 0.001). The subjective scores significantly differed among the three reconstruction modalities in soft tissue (p < 0.001) but not in lung tissue (p > 0.05). DLIR-H had the best noise reduction ability and improved SNR and CNR without distorting the image texture, followed by DLIR-M and ASIR-V 50%. In summary, DLIR can provide a higher image quality at the same dose, enhancing the physicians’ diagnostic confidence and improving the diagnostic efficacy of LDCT for lung cancer screening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2560
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • deep learning
  • image quality
  • low-dose computed tomography
  • lung

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