Aim: Allograft steatosis is an emerging concern after liver transplantation (LT). The use of transient elastography (TE) with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) may facilitate early detection of and intervention for allograft steatosis. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of allograft steatosis using TE and CAP. Methods: The presence of steatosis and severe steatosis were defined by CAP ≥222 and ≥290 dB/m, respectively. Demographics and clinical characteristics were compared between patients with and without severe steatosis. Regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with severe steatosis. Results: Of 150 patients, 105 (70%) had steatosis while 40% of these had severe steatosis. Thirty-four (81.0%) patients with severe steatosis had normal alanine transaminase at the time of TE. In multivariable analyses, age at LT (odds ratio [OR] 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.08), post-LT obesity (OR 5.34, 95% CI 1.53-18.65), and alcoholic liver disease (OR 12.86, 95% CI 2.24-73.74) were significant predictors of severe steatosis. Five patients underwent liver biopsies as a result of advance fibrosis seen on TE and were later diagnosed with chronic allograft rejection. Two of these patients had normal liver chemistries, and the remaining 3 had mild elevation of alkaline phosphatase. Conclusion: Steatosis was present in 70% of patients who underwent TE after LT. Advanced age at LT, post-LT obesity, and alcoholic liver disease were significant predictors for severe steatosis. The majority of patients with severe steatosis had normal liver enzymes. TE should be considered as a screening modality for allograft steatosis and fibrosis even when liver chemistries are normal.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2021|