The upper gastrointestinal bleeding is still an everyday problem. 40-50% of these bleedings are originating from peptic ulcer. The rate of rebleeding after initial hemostasis is 30-50%. In this group of patients we can observe the highest morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work is to select those patients who belong to the high risk group from the point of rebleeding. For this purpose we introduced after a retrospective analysis the modified Baylor score. In this scoring system the age, the number and severity of parallel illnesses, the hemostatus by the admittance, the ulcer size and location and the stigmata of recent hemorrhage are taken into consideration. On the basis of this every patient gets a score between 0 and 31. Based on our retrospective analysis we could establish three grades of risk groups: low risk (0-7), middle risk (8-11) and high risk (12 and over). In the low risk group there was no rebleeding. In the middle risk group we observed 4 rebleedings in 19 patients, while in the high risk group there were 32 rebleedings out of 36 cases. As a conclusion we can state, that the modified Baylor score is capable for the selection of high risk patients for rebleeding. With the early elective operations in these cases the high morbidity and mortality can be reduced.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Acta Chirurgica Hungarica|
|State||Published - 1997|