The use of fondafarinux for the treatment of venous thromboembolism in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis caused by heparin flushes

Alex C. Spyropoulos, Sharyl Magnuson, Sei Keng Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immunologic drug reaction characterized by paradoxical association with venous and arterial thrombosis. The syndrome is caused by IgG antibodies that are reactive against complexes of platelet factor 4 and heparin. Fondparinux does not bind to platelet factor 4, is structurally too short to induce an antibody response, and could in theory be a useful agent to treat HIT. A 69-year-old white female presented with a lower extremity extensive iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis after a right total knee arthroplasty and was subsequently found to have a pulmonary embolism. The patient was noted to have heparin flushes during her operation. Her platelet drop decreased >50% from baseline during initiation of antithrombotic therapy. She was started on subcutaneous fondaparinux 7.5 mg once daily injection. Her serotonin release assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for heparin antibodies were positive for HIT. Her platelet count nadir was 60 × 103/mm3 on day 5 and the platelet count rebounded after 8 days of fondaparinux therapy. No recurrent thrombotic or bleeding events were noted throughout her therapy. Anecdotal reports have shown that fondaparinux can be a useful agent to treat HIT with or without thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-657
Number of pages5
JournalTherapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Volume4
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fondaparinux
  • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis (HITT)

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