The use of cytotoxic T cell lines to detect the segregation of a human minor alloantigen within families

Karen S. Zier, William L. Elkins, Giuliana R. Pierson, Martha M. Leo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A cytotoxic T cell (CTL) line, which detected a minor alloantigen provisionally called W was generated in vitro with lymphocytes from a multiply transfused individual, S1. Lymphocytes from S1 were first stimulated with cells from an unrelated known from previous studies to express the minor antigen. The primary CTL were then restimulated with cells from a W +/ve HLA identical sib, S2, in the presence of IL-2. As in previous work, recognition of the W antigen by these CTL was restricted by HLA-B7. Antigen assignments of W + or W -, based upon cold target inhibition studies, confirmed previous assignments which had depended upon the ability of lymphocytes either to stimulate the generation of or to be killed by anti-W CTL effectors. Testing of lymphocyte targets from members of several unrelated families in which HLA-B7 segregated showed that the CTL lines could detect the expression of W on cells of individuals in the general population. In 3 of 5 cases, members of an HLA identical sib pair differed for W. These results open up the possibility of designing studies using CTL lines to determine whether differences for minor alloantigens play a role in clinical transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-129
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1983
Externally publishedYes

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