The Triglyceride/High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) Ratio as a Risk Marker for Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Disease

Constantine E. Kosmas, Shanna Rodriguez Polanco, Maria D. Bousvarou, Evangelia J. Papakonstantinou, Edilberto Peña Genao, Eliscer Guzman, Christina E. Kostara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atherosclerosis is an immunoinflammatory pathological procedure in which lipid plaques are formed in the vessel walls, partially or completely occluding the lumen, and is accountable for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). ACSVD consists of three components: coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral vascular disease (PAD) and cerebrovascular disease (CCVD). A disturbed lipid metabolism and the subsequent dyslipidemia significantly contribute to the formation of plaques, with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) being the main responsible factor. Nonetheless, even when LDL-C is well regulated, mainly with statin therapy, a residual risk for CVD still occurs, and it is attributable to the disturbances of other lipid components, namely triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Increased plasma TG and decreased HDL-C levels have been associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and CVD, and their ratio, TG/HDL-C, has been proposed as a novel biomarker for predicting the risk of both clinical entities. Under these terms, this review will present and discuss the current scientific and clinical data linking the TG/HDL-C ratio with the presence of MetS and CVD, including CAD, PAD and CCVD, in an effort to prove the value of the TG/HDL-C ratio as a valuable predictor for each aspect of CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number929
JournalDiagnostics
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HDL-C
  • TG/HDL-C ratio
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • coronary artery disease
  • metabolic syndrome
  • peripheral artery disease
  • risk marker
  • triglycerides

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