The Sustainability of Evidence-Based Interventions and Practices in Public Health and Health Care

Rachel C. Shelton, Brittany Rhoades Cooper, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

371 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is strong interest in implementation science to address the gap between research and practice in public health. Research on the sustainability of evidence-based interventions has been growing rapidly. Sustainability has been defined as the continued use of program components at sufficient intensity for the sustained achievement of desirable program goals and population outcomes. This understudied area has been identified as one of the most significant translational research problems. Adding to this challenge is uncertainty regarding the extent to which intervention adaptation and evolution are necessary to address the needs of populations that differ from those in which interventions were originally tested or implemented. This review critically examines and discusses conceptual and methodological issues in studying sustainability, summarizes the multilevel factors that have been found to influence the sustainability of interventions in a range of public health and health care settings, and highlights key areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-76
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Public Health
Volume39
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adaptation
  • evidence-based interventions
  • implementation science
  • maintenance
  • sustainability

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