The Serious Illness Population: Ascertainment via Electronic Health Record or Claims Data

Amy S. Kelley, Laura C. Hanson, Katherine Ast, Elizabeth L. Ciemins, Stephan C. Dunning, Chris Meskow, Christine S. Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Palliative care can improve the lives of people with serious illness, yet clear operational definitions of this population do not exist. Prior efforts to identify this population have not focused on Medicare Advantage (MA) and commercial health plan enrollees. Objectives: We aimed to operationalize our conceptual definition of serious illness to identify those with serious medical conditions (SMC) among commercial insurance and MA enrollees, and to compare the populations identified through electronic health record (EHR) or claims data sources. Methods: We used de-identified claims and EHR data from the OptumLabs Data Warehouse (2016–2017), to identify adults age ≥18 with SMC and examine their utilization and mortality. Within the subset found in both data sources, we compared the performance of claims and EHR data. Results: Within claims, SMC was identified among 10% of those aged ≥18 (5.4% ages 18-64, 27% age ≥65). Within EHR, SMC was identified among 9% of those aged ≥18 (5.6% ages 18-64, 21% ages ≥65). Hospital, emergency department and mortality rates were similar between the EHR and claims-based groups. Only 50% of people identified as having SMC were recognized by both data sources. Conclusion: These results demonstrate the feasibility of identifying adults with SMC in a commercially insured population, including MA enrollees; yet separate use of EHR or claims result in populations that differ. Future research should examine methods to combine these data sources to optimize identification and support population management, quality measurement, and research to improve the care of those living with serious illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e148-e155
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Health services research
  • medicare advantage
  • palliative care

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