The role of riociguat in combination therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension

Franck F. Rahaghi, Maria Giovanna Trivieri, Sandeep Sahay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Effective clinical decision-making in initial treatment selection and switching or escalations of therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) depends on multiple factors including the patient's risk profile. Data from clinical trials suggest that switching from a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE5i) to the soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator riociguat may provide clinical benefit in patients not reaching treatment goals. In this review, we cover the clinical evidence for riociguat combination regimens for patients with PAH and discuss their evolving role in upfront combination therapy and switching from a PDE5i as an alternative to escalating therapy. Specifically, we review current evidence which suggests or provides a hypothesis for 1) the potential use of riociguat plus endothelin receptor antagonist combinations for upfront combination therapy in patients with PAH at intermediate to high risk of 1-year mortality and 2) the benefits of switching to riociguat from a PDE5i in patients who are not achieving treatment goals with PDE5i-based dual combination therapy and at intermediate risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107196
JournalRespiratory Medicine
StatePublished - May 2023


  • Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • Riociguat
  • Risk status
  • Switching
  • Upfront combination therapy


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