The role of mitogen-activated protein kinase in insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) signaling cascades for progesterone and IGF-binding protein-1 production in human granulosa cells

Donna Seto-Young, Jacek Zajac, Hung Ching Liu, Zev Rosenwaks, Leonid Poretsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Insulin and IGF-I participate in the regulation of ovulation, steroidogenesis, and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) production in the ovary. Insulin and IGF-I actions in the ovary are closely related. For example, insulin may amplify IGF-I action in the ovary by up-regulating type I IGF receptors and inhibiting IGFBP-1 production, thus increasing the bioavailability of IGF-I. It is hypothesized that ovarian effects of insulin in insulin-resistant states are mediated via an insulin action pathway(s) distinct from those involved in glucose transport. We previously reported that insulin-induced stimulation of progesterone and inhibition of IGFBP-1 production in the human ovary are mediated by signaling pathways that are independent of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, the enzyme whose activation is crucial for glucose transport. We now examined whether activation of MAPK is necessary to mediate insulin-induced or IGF-I-induced stimulation of progesterone or inhibition of IGFBP-1 production in human granulosa cells. Human granulosa cells were obtained during in vitro fertilization. Cells (0.5-1 × 105) were incubated for 24 h in the presence of 0, 10, 102, or 103 ng/ml insulin or 0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, or 5 ng/ml IGF-I and in the presence or absence of 1 μM PD98059, a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 MAPK. The progesterone concentration in the tissue culture medium was measured by RIA (Pantex, Santa Monica, CA), and the IGFBP-1 concentration was measured by immunoradiometric assay (DSL-7800, Diagnostic Systems Laboratories, Inc., Webster, TX). MAPK activity was assessed using the MAPK IP-Kinase assay kit (Upstate Biotechnology, Inc., Lake Placid, NY). ANOVA was used to compare mean values of progesterone or IGFBP-1 concentrations. MAPK was stimulated by insulin up to 350% of the baseline value. Progesterone production in human granulosa cells was stimulated by insulin in a dose-related manner to 123% of the control value (P < 0.001), and IGFBP-1 production was inhibited to 25% of the baseline value (P < 0.001). Despite inhibiting MAPK activity by 99%, PD98059 (1 μM) did not interfere with insulin-induced stimulation of progesterone or inhibition of IGFBP-1 production. MAPK was stimulated by IGF-I to 730% of the baseline value, with maximal stimulation achieved at 0.5 ng/ml IGF-I. Progesterone production in granulosa cells was stimulated by IGF-I to 130% of the control value (P < 0.001), whereas IGFBP-1 production was inhibited to 44% of the control value (P < 0.001). PD98059 (1 μM) inhibited IGF-I-induced MAPK activity by 94%. In the presence of I μM PD98059, IGF-I-induced stimulation of progesterone production was inhibited by 96% (P < 0.001). The inhibitory effect of IGF-I on IGFBP-1 production was reduced in the presence of 1 μM PD98059 by 45% at 5 ng/ml IGF-I and was completely abolished in the presence of 1 μM PD98059 at concentrations of IGF-I ranging from 0.5-2.5 ng/ml (P < 0.001). We conclude that, under conditions of our experiments, insulin-induced stimulation of progesterone or inhibition of IGFBP-1 production in human granulosa cells does not require MAPK activation, whereas similar effects of IGF-I are largely MAPK dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3385-3391
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume88
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

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