The role of interferon in influenza virus tissue tropism

Adolfo García-Sastre, Russell K. Durbin, Hongyong Zheng, Peter Palese, Rachel Gertner, David E. Levy, Joan E. Durbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

237 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the pathogenesis of influenza virus infection in mice that are unable to respond to type I or II interferons due to a targeted disruption of the STAT1 gene. STAT1-/- animals are 100-fold more sensitive to lethal infection with influenza A/WSN/33 virus than are their wild-type (WT) counterparts. Virus replicated only in the lungs of WT animals following intranasal (i.n.) virus inoculation, while STAT1-/- mice developed a fulminant systemic influenza virus infection following either i.n. or intraperitoneal inoculation. We investigated the mechanism underlying this altered virus tropism by comparing levels of virus replication in fibroblast cell lines and murine embryonic fibroblasts derived from WT mice, STAT-/- mice, and mice lacking gamma interferon (IFNγ/-/- mice) or the IFN-α receptor (IFNαR-/- mice). Influenza A/WSN/33 virus replicates to high titers in STAT1-/- or IFNαR-/- fibroblasts, while cells derived from WT or IFNγ/- /animals are resistant to influenza virus infection. Immunofluorescence studies using WT fibroblast cell lines demonstrated that only a small subpopulation of WT cells can be infected and that in the few infected WT cells, virus replication is aborted at an early, nuclear phase. In all organs examined except the lung, influenza A WSN/33 virus infection is apparently prevented by an intact type I interferon response. Our results demonstrate that type I interferon plays an important role in determining the pathogenicity and tissue restriction of influenza A/WSN/33 virus in vivo and in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8550-8558
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume72
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

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