The role of enhancers as centres for general transcription factor recruitment

Henrietta Szutorisz, Niall Dillon, László Tora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


Activation of eukaryotic genes requires a tight temporal control of trans-acting-factor binding to different types of sequence elements. General transcription factors (GTFs) have a central role in the regulation of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) function because they are involved in the initiation of transcription at all class II promoters. Recent studies have shown that GTFs and Pol II are recruited to enhancer elements and that this binding is an early event in gene activation. We propose that an important role of some enhancers is to function as nucleation centres for the assembly of the pre-initiation complex to regulate the timing of gene activation during development, differentiation and the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-599
Number of pages7
JournalTrends in Biochemical Sciences
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes


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