The role of endoscopy in bariatrics: Past, present, and future

Shashideep Singhal, Duong L. Le, Sushil Duddempudi, Sury Anand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The exponential increase in the rate of obesity and its associated co-morbidities has increased the demand for bariatric surgery. Over the past few decades, surgical weight reduction by gastric restriction, malabsorption, or a combination of both has been the preferred approach to achieve sustained weight loss in the morbidly obese. Although extremely effective, surgical procedures carry significant complications and risk with mortality rates of 1%. Because of the cost, surgical risk, and complications, there is a demand for less invasive procedures. Endoscopic approaches include placement of endoluminal space-occupying devices, stapling devices to reduce gastric volume, barrier devices to reduce small bowel absorptive area, and methods to regulate gastric emptying. Current and ongoing studies have delivered promising results across many aspects of endoscopic approaches. However, many technical obstacles still exist that have to be resolved with further research before endoscopic bariatrics can be widely deployed. At present the role of endoscopy is well established in preoperative evaluation as well as in recognition and management of many postoperative complications in bariatrics. In this article, we review the current and future endoscopic methods for weight reduction that are either in practice or in testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-811
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

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