The Rhesus monkey Hippocampus critically contributes to scene memory retrieval, but not new learning

Sean Froudist-Walsh, Philip G.F. Browning, Paula L. Croxson, Kathy L. Murphy, Jul Lea Shamy, Tess L. Veuthey, Charles R.E. Wilson, Mark G. Baxter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Humans can recall a large number of memories years after the initial events. Patients with amnesia often have lesions to the hippocampus, but human lesions are imprecise, making it difficult to identify the anatomy underlying memory impairments. Rodent studies enable great precision in hippocampal manipulations, but not investigation of many interleaved memories. Thus it is not known how lesions restricted to the hippocampus affect the retrieval of multiple sequentially encoded memories. Furthermore, disagreement exists as to whether hippocampal inactivations lead to temporally graded or ungraded amnesia, which could be a consequence of differences between rodent and human studies. In the current study, rhesus monkeys of both sexes received either bilateral neurotoxic hippocampal lesions or remained unoperated controls and were tested on recognition and new learning of visual object-in-place scenes. Monkeys with hippocampal lesions were significantly impaired at remembering scenes that were encoded before the lesion. We did not observe any temporal gradient effect of the lesion on memory recognition, with recent and remote memories being equally affected by the lesion. Monkeys with hippocampal lesions showed no deficits in learning new scenes. Thus, the hippocampus, like other cortical regions, may be engaged in the acquisition and storage of new memories, but the role of the damaged hippocampus can be taken over by spared hippocampal tissue or extra-hippocampal regions following a lesion. These findings illustrate the utility of experimental paradigms for studying retrograde and anterograde amnesia that make use of the capacity of nonhuman primates to rapidly acquire many distinct visual memories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7800-7808
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number36
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2018


  • Anterograde amnesia
  • Episodic
  • Macaque
  • Memory
  • Retrograde amnesia
  • Rhesus


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