Objective: To determine the influence of lipid concentration, lipid particle size, and total abdominal fat (TAF) on postprandial lipemic response (PPLr) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).
Methods: Thirty-five persons with SCI (17 paraplegia, 18 tetraplegia) and 18 able-bodied (AB) individuals participated. Following a 10-hour fast, blood was drawn for lipids, apolipoprotein (apo) A1 and B concentrations, and low-density (LSP) and high-density (HSP) lipoprotein particle sizes. A high-fat milkshake was consumed (∼1.3 g fat/kg). Blood was drawn at 2, 4, and 6 hours to determine PPLr, (triglyceride (TG) area under the curve). TAF and visceral (VF) fat were measured by ultrasonography; total body fat (TBF) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Differences between the groups were determined by independent sample t-tests. Pearson correlation coefficients determined the relationship among PPLr and lipids, and TAF.
Results: There were no significant differences in fasting TG, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), apoB, TAF, or PPLr values between the groups. In SCI, PPLr significantly correlated with: ApoB (r = 0.63, P < 0.01, LSP (r = 0.57, P < 0.01), and TAF (r = 0.36, P < 0.01). After controlling for age and duration of injury, PPLr significantly correlated with apoB (r = 0.66, P = 0.001), TBF (r = 0.45, P = 0.03), VF (r = 0.66, P = 0.02), and TAF (r = 0.56, P = 0.007).
Conclusions: Although concentrations of LDL cholesterol and apoB were not different between SCI and AB groups, LSP, apoB, and TAF correlated with PPLr in persons with SCI. ApoB was associated with a greater PPLr in those with motor complete SCI, after controlling for age and duration of injury.
- Abdominal fat
- Apolipoprotein B
- Lipid particle size
- Postprandial lipemia
- Spinal cord injury