The relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom subtypes and social adjustment

Yiqing Fan, Jane L. Eisen, Steven A. Rasmussen, Christina L. Boisseau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although it has been widely established that poor social functioning is a characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), little research has examined the relationship between OCD symptom subtypes and domains of social functioning. Thus, the present study sought to examine the specific ways in which impairment in social adjustment occurs in each symptom subtype of OCD. Methods: A total of 325 adult participants with a primary diagnosis of OCD were included in the study. Hierarchical linear regressions were used to compare the extent to which OCD symptom subtypes predicted social adjustment domains after controlling for OCD and depression severity. Results: Hoarding was shown to be significantly associated with work functioning. Whereas both contamination and symmetry subtypes were significantly associated with social functioning, only the contamination subtype was associated with functioning within the family unit. The symptom subtypes of doubt and taboo thoughts were not significantly associated with any domains of social adjustment. Conclusion: Consistent with previous research, our results suggest a differential impact of OCD symptom subtypes on social adjustment. They offer important implications for the specific domains to target in treatment for different symptom subtypes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100826
JournalJournal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dimensions
  • Functioning
  • Impairment
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder

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