The pulmonary effects of free-base cocaine: a review.

I. S. Meisels, J. Loke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The number of people smoking free-base cocaine, or "crack," has increased dramatically in recent years. Concomitantly, the literature describing complications of such use has grown as well. Adverse pulmonary effects are being increasingly noted, such as respiratory symptoms, pulmonary hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, asthma, and pulmonary barotrauma. These and other pulmonary effects are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-329
Number of pages5
JournalCleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


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