The Pulmonary Artery Catheter. A Critical Reappraisal

Umesh K. Gidwani, Bibhu Mohanty, Kanu Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Balloon floatation pulmonary artery catheters (PACs) have been used for hemodynamic monitoring in cardiac, medical, and surgical intensive care units since the 1970s. With the availability of newer noninvasive diagnostic modalities, particularly echocardiography, the frequency of diagnostic pulmonary artery catheterization has declined. In this review, the evolution of PACs, the results of nonrandomized and randomized studies in various clinical conditions, the uses and abuses of bedside hemodynamic monitoring, and current indications for pulmonary artery catheterization are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-565
Number of pages21
JournalCardiology Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Cardiac critical care
  • Pulmonary artery catheter
  • Swan-Ganz catheter


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