The Psychosocial Impact of Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome

Michelle C. Maciag, Linda J. Herbert, Scott H. Sicherer, Michael C. Young, Fallon Schultz, Amity A. Westcott-Chavez, Wanda Phipatanakul, Theresa A. Bingemann, Lisa M. Bartnikas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Little is known about the psychosocial impact of food protein–induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). Objective: To characterize quality of life, stress, worry, anxiety, and self-efficacy in caregivers of children with FPIES and affected children, and determine risk factors for increased psychosocial burden. Methods: Surveys completed by caregiver-members of the International FPIES Association at a conference (n = 42) and online (n = 368) were analyzed. Results: There was significant burden, stress, worry, and anxiety among caregivers. There was a positive correlation among Food Allergy Quality of Life-Parental Burden, Perceived Stress Scale-10, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Beck Anxiety Inventory scores, and these were negatively associated with Food Allergy Self-Efficacy for Parents (FASE-P) scores. Lower income was associated with poorer caregiver health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (P =.039) and lower FASE-P (P =.028). Greater number of food groups avoided correlated moderately with poorer HRQoL (r = 0.386; P <.001), higher anxiety among preschoolers (r = 0.262; P =.013) and parents (r = 0.594, P =.025). Avoiding cow's milk due to FPIES was associated with poorer caregiver HRQoL (P <.001), higher stress (P =.001), and lower FASE-P (P =.013). Caregivers whose child was not attending daycare/school due to FPIES had poorer HRQoL (P <.001), higher stress (P <.014), and worry (P =.004). Compared with published cohorts of caregivers of children with IgE-mediated food allergy, the burden of FPIES on caregivers was significantly higher (mean = 3.4 vs 3.0; P <.001) and self-efficacy was significantly lower (mean = 63.9 vs 76.1; P <.001). Conclusions: There is increased stress, worry, anxiety, and reduced HRQoL and self-efficacy among caregivers of children with FPIES and increased general anxiety among preschoolers. Additional research is needed to inform effective psychosocial interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3508-3514.e5
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020


  • Anxiety
  • Food allergy
  • Food protein–induced enterocolitis syndrome
  • Non–IgE-mediated
  • Pediatric
  • Psychosocial
  • Quality of life
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stress
  • Worry


Dive into the research topics of 'The Psychosocial Impact of Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this