The psychobiology of stress, depression, adjustment disorders and resilience

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Abstract

Objectives: This paper focuses on the psychobiology of stress, depression, adjustment disorders (ADs), and resilience. Since the ADs fall under the rubric in DSM-5 of Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders, essentials of the psychobiology of stress-response syndromes will be reviewed. Methods: A narrative review of the psychobiology of stress-response syndromes is undertaken, and the implications for our understanding of ADs are discussed. Results: Advances in our understanding of the psychobiology of stress-response syndromes provide an important foundation for understanding ADs, and for conceptualizing their diagnosis, as well as issues of resilience. Conclusions: Future investigations of the psychobiology of trauma- and stressor-related disorders may shed additional light on ADs, and ultimately improve their treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S14-S20
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Volume19
Issue numbersup1
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Adjustment disorder
  • allostatic load
  • psychobiology of stress
  • stress response
  • stress-related disorder

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