Purpose of reviewWe seek to determine recent advances in kidney pathophysiology that have been enabled or enhanced by artificial intelligence. We describe some of the challenges in the field as well as future directions.Recent findingsWe first provide an overview of artificial intelligence terminologies and methodologies. We then describe the use of artificial intelligence in kidney diseases to discover risk factors from clinical data for disease progression, annotate whole slide imaging and decipher multiomics data. We delineate key examples of risk stratification and prognostication in acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We contextualize these applications in kidney disease oncology, one of the subfields to benefit demonstrably from artificial intelligence using all if these approaches. We conclude by elucidating technical challenges and ethical considerations and briefly considering future directions.SummaryThe integration of clinical data, patient derived data, histology and proteomics and genomics can enhance the work of clinicians in providing more accurate diagnoses and elevating understanding of disease progression. Implementation research needs to be performed to translate these algorithms to the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • artificial intelligence
  • diagnosis
  • machine learning
  • nephrology
  • prognosis


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