The prognostic significance of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) locus deletion and MDM-2 protein expression in adult acute myelogenous leukemia

Stefan Faderl, Hagop M. Kantarjian, Elihu Estey, Taghi Manshouri, Ching Yang Chan, Abdel Rahman Elsaied, Steven M. Kornblau, Jorge Cortes, Deborah A. Thomas, Sherry Pierce, Michael J. Keating, Zeev Estrov, Maher Albitar

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79 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND. The p16(INK4a) locus encodes two distinct proteins, p16(INK4a) and p14(ARF). Although p16(INK4a) and p15(INK4b) are involved in the phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma (Rb) protein, p14(ARF) interacts with the MDM-2 oncoprotein antagonizing its function as a suppressor of p53. The role of deletions of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) and p15(INK4b) and expressions of MDM-2 in myeloid leukemias and its influence on prognosis remain unclear. METHODS. The authors analyzed deletions of p16(INK4)/p14(ARF) and p15(INK4b) in 74 adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by Southern blotting. Western blotting was used to determine Rb protein phosphorylation in patients with deletions of p16(INK4)/p14(ARF) and p15(INK4b). Then, they analyzed the levels of MDM-2 protein expression and correlated it with prognosis in an expanded population of 79 adults with AML by immunoblot analysis and solid-phase radioimmunoassay. RESULTS. Deletions of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) and/or p15(INK4b) occurred in 4 of 74 patients (5%) (hemizygous in 3, homozygous in 1 patient). Although the complete remission (CR) rate was similar (79% vs. 50%; P = 0.187), CR duration (10 vs. 46 weeks; P < 0.001), event free survival rate (EFS; 6 vs. 85 weeks; P < 0.004) and overall survival rate (11 vs. 86 weeks; P = 0.001) were significantly shorter in patients with deletions of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) and/or p15(INK4b). Thirty-seven (47%) of 79 patients studied for MDM-2 showed increased MDM-2 expression. These patients had a significantly shorter EFS rate (50 vs. 64 weeks; P = 0.023) and a trend for shorter CR duration (24 vs. 53 weeks; P = 0.07). Overall survival rate was not significantly different (50 vs. 84 weeks; P = 0.136). CONCLUSIONS. The authors concluded that 1) deletions of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) and/or p15(INK4b) occur with low incidence in patients with AML; 2) patients with deletions of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) and/or p15(INK4b) have a significantly shorter CR duration, EFS rate, and overall survival rate than do patients without deletions; (3) overexpression of MDM-2 is common in AML and is associated with shorter CR duration and EFS rate. Mechanisms other than p14(ARF) deletion are responsible for MDM-2 overexpression, and this overexpression may play a role in the biology of the disease. (C) 2000 American Cancer Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1976-1982
Number of pages7
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors
  • MDM-2
  • p15
  • p16/p14


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