The PENGUIN approach to reconstruct protein interactions at enhancer-promoter regions and its application to prostate cancer

Alexandros Armaos, François Serra, Iker Núñez-Carpintero, Ji Heui Seo, Sylvan C. Baca, Stefano Gustincich, Alfonso Valencia, Matthew L. Freedman, Davide Cirillo, Claudia Giambartolomei, Gian Gaetano Tartaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We introduce Promoter-Enhancer-Guided Interaction Networks (PENGUIN), a method for studying protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks within enhancer-promoter interactions. PENGUIN integrates H3K27ac-HiChIP data with tissue-specific PPIs to define enhancer-promoter PPI networks (EPINs). We validated PENGUIN using cancer (LNCaP) and benign (LHSAR) prostate cell lines. Our analysis detected EPIN clusters enriched with the architectural protein CTCF, a regulator of enhancer-promoter interactions. CTCF presence was coupled with the prevalence of prostate cancer (PrCa) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the same EPIN clusters, suggesting functional implications in PrCa. Within the EPINs displaying enrichments in both CTCF and PrCa SNPs, we also show enrichment in oncogenes. We substantiated our identified SNPs through CRISPR/Cas9 knockout and RNAi screens experiments. Here we show that PENGUIN provides insights into the intricate interplay between enhancer-promoter interactions and PPI networks, which are crucial for identifying key genes and potential intervention targets. A dedicated server is available at https://penguin.life.bsc.es/ .

Original languageEnglish
Article number8084
JournalNature Communications
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

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