The minimal clinically important change in the motor section of the Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale for generalized dystonia: Results from deep brain stimulation

Cubo Esther Cubo, Joan Miravite, Sara Calvo, Kathryn Cooper, Deborah Raymond, Hwai Yin Ooi, Naomi Lubarr, Susan Bressman, Rachel Saunders-Pullman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) describes the smallest change in an outcome that is considered clinically meaningful. The Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS) is the most frequently rating scale assessing the efficacy of deep brain stimulation therapy (DBS) for dystonia. To expand our understanding, we evaluated the MCID thresholds for the BFMDRS motor subscale (MS) using physician-reported outcomes. Methods: We assessed the MCID thresholds for the BFMDRS using movement disorder specialist ratings of videotapes from patients with genetically determined dystonia (Tor1A and THAP1) who underwent bilateral globus pallidum internum (GPi) DBS. We calculated the effect size of the BFMDRS-MS change and determined the MCID thresholds using the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGIC). Results: Twelve participants with a median age at DBS of 44.5 (range:27–68) had baseline and follow-up BFMDRS-MS with a median post-DBS follow-up of 5.5 years. Based on descriptive analysis, patients with good improvement after DBS according to the CGIC [8/12 (67%)] had a median BFMDRS-MS score reduction of 77% [Interquartile range (IQR):66.2;91.0) with an effect size of 0.39, and those with non-improvement [4/12 (33%)], had a median BFMDRS-MS score reduction of 62% (IQR:36.6;83.6). Conclusions: Our MCID estimates can be utilized in clinical practice in judging clinical relevance. However, further larger, powered studies are needed to simultaneously determine and compare MCID using patient and physician-reported outcomes in segmental and generalized dystonia in genetic and non-genetic populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-88
Number of pages4
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Dystonia
  • Minimal clinically important difference
  • Rating scale

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