The Maudsley early onset schizophrenia study: Cognitive function over a 4-year follow-up period

Sophia Frangou, Michael Hadjulis, Apostolos Vourdas

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64 Scopus citations


Generalized cognitive deficits have been consistently reported in adolescents with early onset schizophrenia (EOS; defined as onset before the age of 17 years). The impact on cognition of potential interactions between disease pathology and brain maturation remains unclear. We therefore compared cognitive function between 20 EOS patients and 20 healthy controls matched on age, gender, and parental socioeconomic status at 2 time points, when aged 15.58 (2.27) and after a mean interval of 4 ± 1.08 years when aged 19.46 (2.21) years. Repeated measures analyses revealed no differences between patients and controls in the degree of change over this time period in general intellectual function and planning ability as measured by the Tower of London. There was deterioration in the verbal memory and attentional control index scores from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised but relative improvement in Part A of the Trail Making Test. Patients' level of symptomatology as well as the type and dose of medication were comparable at both time points. We conclude that most aspects of cognitive function remain relatively stable in EOS patients during adolescence; there is evidence for deterioration in immediate verbal memory and attention while speed of information processing may show improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-59
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent
  • Intellectual function
  • Longitudinal
  • Memory


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