The Longitudinal Effects of Blood Pressure and Hypertension on Neurocognitive Performance in People Living with HIV

Vanessa A. Guzman, Heining Cham, Jose Gutierrez, Desiree Byrd, Emily P. Morris, Kayla Tureson, Susan Morgello, Monica R. Mindt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Hypertension (HTN) and HIV are salient risk factors for cerebral small vessel disease and neurocognitive (NC) impairment, yet the effects of HTN on NC performance in persons living with HIV remain poorly understood. This is the first study to examine the longitudinal associations between blood pressure (BP), HTN, and pulse pressure (PP) with NC performance in persons living with HIV.Setting:New York City.Methods:Analysis of medical, NC, and virologic data from 485 HIV+ participants was collected by the Manhattan HIV Brain Bank, a prospective, observational, longitudinal study of neuroHIV. A series of multilevel linear growth curve models with random intercepts and slopes were estimated for BP, HTN status, and PP to predict the change in NC performance.Results:The baseline prevalence of HTN was 23%. Longitudinal changes in diastolic and systolic pressure were associated with a 10.5-second and 4-second increase in the Grooved Pegboard Test nondominant hand performance, respectively. A longitudinal change in diastolic BP was also associated with a 0.3-point decline in correct categories and 3-point increase in perseverative responses and total errors on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Increasing odds of prevalent and/or incident HTN were associated with a 0.1-point decrease in correct categories and a 0.8-point increase in total errors on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. There was no association between PP and NC performance.Conclusions:The results indicate linear longitudinal relations for BP and HTN with poorer NC test performance, particularly in psychomotor and executive functions in persons with HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders
  • blood pressure
  • cerebral small vessel disease
  • hypertension
  • neurocognitive
  • pulse pressure

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