The interplay of sociodemographic factors on virologic suppression among a U.S. outpatient HIV clinic population

Enbal Shacham, Diana Nurutdinova, Nur Onen, Katelin Stamm, E. Turner Overton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding challenges to virologic suppression is essential to optimizing health outcomes among individuals with HIV. This cross-sectional behavioral assessment was conducted among 514 individuals presenting at an urban U.S. HIV clinic between June and September 2007. The majority of the sample was African American and male, with a mean age of 42 years. Most of the sample was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and the majority of those had suppressed viral loads (HIV viral loads less than 400 copies per milliliter). By logistic regression analyses, African American/other minorities had 2.9 increased odds, those less than high school degree had 2.3 increased odds, those who were receiving ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor therapy had 1.4 increased odds, and those who had expressed symptoms indicative of depressive disorders had 2.5 increased odds of having unsuppressed viremia as compared to Caucasians, those with more education, receiving non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based therapy, and who had minimal depressive symptoms, respectively. These findings signify the importance of individualized interventions to enhance virologic suppression, both based on medication choices and individual characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-235
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The interplay of sociodemographic factors on virologic suppression among a U.S. outpatient HIV clinic population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this