The influence of intracellular sodium activity on the transport of glucose in proximal tubule of frog kidney

F. Lang, G. Messner, W. Wang, M. Paulmichl, H. Oberleithner, P. Deetjen

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Inhibition of basolateral Na+/K+ ATPase by ouabain eventually abolishes transport of glucose. The present study was performed to test, if this effect is due to a dissipation of the electrochemical gradient for sodium or due to a regulatory inhibition of sodium-coupled glucose entry across the luminal membrane at increasing intracellular sodium activity. To this end, proximal convoluted tubules of the doubly perfused isolated frog kidney were perfused alternatively with solutions containing either 5 mmol/l glucose or raffinose. The potential difference across the peritubular cell membrane (PDpt) and across the epithelium (PDpt) has been recorded with conventional and across the peritubular cell membrane with ion selective microelectrodes (PDpt). In the absence of luminal glucose PDpt is (±SEM) -54.0±2.4 mV, PDte=-1.2±2.0 mV and PDptNa=-96±5 mV. The electrochemical gradient for sodium (μNa+) amounts to 95 mV and intracellular sodium activity to 14 mmol/l (extracellular sodium activity is 74 mmol/l). Luminal application of glucose leads to a rapid depolarisation of PDpt (ΔPDpt=8.6±0.9 mV and PDptNa (ΔPDptNa=11.1±3.0 mV) and to hyperpolarisation of PDte (ΔPDte=-0.8±0.2 mV). The peritubular application of ouabain leads to a gradual, reversible and proportional decline of PDpt, PDptNa and μNa+. Glucose induced ΔPDpt and ΔPDptNa decrease in parallel to PDpt and PDptNa, resp. In a separate series, the lumped conductance (Gm) of the luminal and basolateral cell membrane has been determined, which amounts to 2.4±0.3 μS/mm (tubule length). Gm decreases 23±4%, when PDpt is decreased to half. ΔPDpt and Gm allow the calculation of an apparent transport rate (TGlu). Following the application of ouabain, TGlu decreases in linear proportion to PDpt and PDptNa. There is no evidence for a significant regulatory inhibition of TGlu. Rather, glucose transport operates in linear proportion to the potential difference across the luminal membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1984
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell membrane potential
  • Frog kidney
  • Glucose transport
  • Intracellular sodium
  • Microelectrodes
  • Ouabain
  • Proximal tubule


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