The incorporation of cognitive-sparing techniques into prophylactic cranial irradiation in the management of small cell lung cancer

Julie R. Bloom, Alexandra Hotca, Daniel R. Cherry, Daniel R. Dickstein, Juliana Runnels, Robert M. Samstein, Rajwanth R. Veluswamy, Kenneth E. Rosenzweig, Paul D. Brown, Daniel M. Trifiletti, Joshua D. Palmer, Raj Singh, William G. Breen, Eric J. Lehrer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) remains an important component in the management of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). This is due to the high rates of subclinical brain metastases at the time of diagnosis. Following a response to initial treatment, PCI historically has been associated with improvements in overall survival and decreased development of brain metastases in patients with limited stage (LS-SCLC) and extensive stage (ES-SCLC) SCLC. However, PCI is commonly withheld in these settings in favor of observation, largely due to its association with cognitive sequelae following treatment. While randomized data has demonstrated that in patients with ES-SCLC, PCI may be withheld in favor of close MRI surveillance without a detriment in overall survival or cognitive functioning, these patients did not undergo formal neuropsychological assessments. In recent years, cognitive sparing techniques incorporated into whole brain radiation therapy and PCI, such as the addition of memantine and hippocampal avoidance, have demonstrated significant improvements in cognitive outcomes. As the overall survival in patients with SCLC continues to improve due to the incorporation of novel systemic therapies (e.g., immune checkpoint inhibitors), the role of PCI and maximizing quality of life remains a highly relevant topic. This article reviews the role of PCI and cognitive-sparing techniques in the management of SCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalChinese Clinical Oncology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI)
  • hippocampal avoidance
  • memantine
  • neurotoxicity
  • small cell lung cancer (SCLC)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The incorporation of cognitive-sparing techniques into prophylactic cranial irradiation in the management of small cell lung cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this