The impact of time spent on the electronic health record after work and of clerical work on burnout among clinical faculty

Lauren A. Peccoralo, Carly A. Kaplan, Robert H. Pietrzak, Dennis S. Charney, Jonathan A. Ripp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify specific thresholds of daily electronic health record (EHR) time after work and daily clerical time burden associated with burnout in clinical faculty. Materials and Methods: We administered an institution-wide survey to faculty in all departments at Mount Sinai Health System from November 2018 to February 2019. The Maslach Burnout Inventory and Mayo Well-Being Index assessed burnout. Demographics, possible confounding variables, and time spent on EHR work/clerical burden were assessed. Results: Of 4156 eligible faculty members, 1781(42.9%) participated in the survey. After adjustment for background factors, EHR frustration (odds ratio [OR]=1.64-1.66), spending >90 minutes on EHR-outside the workday by self-report (OR = 1.41-1.90) and >1 hour of self-reported clerical work/day (OR = 1.39) were associated with burnout. Reporting that one's practice unloads clerical burden (OR = 0.50-0.66) and higher resilience scores (OR = 0.77-0.84) were negatively associated with burnout. Spending >90 minutes/day on EHR-outside work (OR = 0.66-0.67) and >60 minutes/day on clerical work (OR = 0.54-0.58) was associated with decreased likelihood of satisfactory work-life integration (WLI) and professional satisfaction (PS). Greater meaning in work was associated with an increased likelihood: of achieving WLI (OR = 2.51) and PS (OR = 21.67). Conclusion: Results suggest there are thresholds of excessive time on the EHR-outside the workday (>90 minutes) and overall clerical tasks (>60 minutes), above which clinical faculty may be at increased risk for burnout, as well as reduced WLI and PS, independent of demographic characteristics and clinical work hours. These thresholds of EHR and clerical burden may inform interventions aimed at mitigating this burden to reduce physician burnout.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-947
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


  • burnout
  • clerical burden
  • clinical faculty
  • electronic health record
  • well-being


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