The impact of nativity on uterine cancer survival in the public hospital system of Queens, New York

George S. Hagopian, Alka Chintamani Bapat, Peter R. Dottino, Molly Lieber, M. Margaret Kemeny, Xilian Li, Elianna Kaplowitz, Annmarie Beddoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We studied cis-women with uterine cancer presenting to the two Public Hospitals in Queens, New York from 2006 to 2015 to examine the relationship between nativity (birthplace) and survival. Methods: A retrospective review of tumor registries identified women diagnosed with uterine cancer between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015. Data from 259 women were available for this analysis. Results: Most women were born outside the United States (US) (76% versus 24%). The majority of US-born women were black (68%). Seventy-seven women (30%) were born in Latin America, 76 in the Caribbean Islands (29%) and 44 in Asia/South Asia (17%). Most women presented with stage I/II disease (70%) and endometrioid/mucinous histology (68%) with no significant differences observed among nativity groups. Kaplan-Meier estimated survival curves stratified by birthplace demonstrated significant differences in survival distributions among the groups using the log-rank test (P < 0.0001). The most favorable survival curves were observed among all foreign-born women, whereas the least favorable survival was demonstrated in US-born women. Time to death was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Adjusting for age of diagnosis, insurance status, stage, and treatment modality, Latin American and Asia/South Asia birthplace was significantly associated with increased survival time. Conclusion: An immigrant health paradox was defined for foreign-born Latin American and Asian/South Asian women presenting to the two Public Hospitals of Queens, New York, as women born in these geographic regions were less likely to die at any given time compared to those born in the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume181
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Birthplace
  • Healthy immigrant paradox
  • Nativity

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