The impact of diabetes on employment: Genetic IVs in a bivariate probit

H. Shelton Brown, José A. Pagán, Elena Bastida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Diabetes has been shown to have a detrimental impact on employment and labor market productivity, which results in lost work days and higher mortality/disability. This study utilizes data from the Border Epidemiologic Study on Aging to analyze the endogeneity of diabetes in an employment model. We use family history of diabetes as genetic instrumental variables. We show that assuming that diabetes is an exogenous variable results in an overestimate (underestimate) of the negative impact of diabetes on female (male) employment. Our results are particularly relevant in the case of populations where genetic predisposition has an important role in the etiology of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-544
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Economics (United Kingdom)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Diabetes
  • Econometrics
  • IV


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