The impact of bone mineral density screening on incident fractures and healthcare resource utilization among postmenopausal breast cancer survivors treated with aromatase inhibitors

S. Bailey, G. Mhango, J. J. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Summary: Bone mineral density screening prior to initiating aromatase inhibitor therapy was associated with lower incident bone fractures and healthcare resource utilization among postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. Introduction: Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (BC) often receive aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. However, AIs induce bone loss and BC survivors are at an increased risk of bone fractures. This study determined whether receipt of baseline dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) screening is associated with decreased incident fractures and lower healthcare resource utilization. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 22,713 stage 0–III primary BC survivors who received AI therapy ≤ 1 year prior to BC diagnosis from the Medicare-Linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results database. We categorized DXA screening for those who had a procedural claim within 12 months prior through 6 months after first AI claim. We used propensity score methods to assess the association of DXA screening with bone fractures and health resource utilization. Results: Of the study cohort, 62% received a DXA screening. Women with comorbid dementia, renal disease, and congestive heart failure were less likely to receive a DXA. After adjusting for confounders, BC survivors who received a DXA had a 32% decreased risk of any bone fracture compared to those who did not (hazard ratio (HR): 0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60–0.76, p < 0.001). Similarly, those who received a DXA were less likely to be hospitalized (HR 0.73 (0.62–0.86)) or use outpatient services (HR 0.85 (0.74–0.97)). Conclusions: Bone density screening is associated with decreased incident bone fractures and a lower likelihood of utilizing healthcare resource for fracture-related events. Postmenopausal BC survivors treated with AIs should undergo appropriate bone density screening to reduce morbidity, mortality, and health care expenses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1989-1997
Number of pages9
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Aromatase inhibitor
  • Bone fracture
  • Bone mineral density
  • Health resource utilization
  • Osteoporosis

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