The hydrogen bond of water from the perspective of soft X-ray spectroscopy

Kathrin M. Lange, Emad F. Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Its importance for life and its unusual properties keep water within the focus of ongoing research; this focus especially applies to water in the liquid phase. Scientists agree that the hydrogen-bond network, which is formed by interactions between the water molecules, is key for understanding the anomalies of water. However, a better understanding of the structure of this network, as well as its dynamics, must yet be established. Soft X-ray spectroscopy allows the investigation of the local electronic structure of water by probing the occupied and unoccupied valence molecular orbitals. In this Focus Review, we present soft-X-ray-based techniques, their development in terms of liquid spectroscopy, and recent studies on the hydrogen-bond network of liquid water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-327
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • hydrogen bonds
  • liquids
  • soft X-ray spectroscopy
  • water


Dive into the research topics of 'The hydrogen bond of water from the perspective of soft X-ray spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this