The heme exporter Flvcr1 regulates expansion and differentiation of committed erythroid progenitors by controlling intracellular heme accumulation

Sonia Mercurio, Sara Petrillo, Deborah Chiabrando, Zuni Irma Bassi, Dafne Gays, Annalisa Camporeale, Andrei Vacaru, Barbara Miniscalco, Giulio Valperga, Lorenzo Silengo, Fiorella Altruda, Margaret H. Baron, Massimo Mattia Santoro, Emanuela Tolosano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Feline leukemia virus subgroup C receptor 1 (Flvcr1) encodes two heme exporters: FLVCR1a, which localizes to the plasma membrane, and FLVCR1b, which localizes to mitochondria. Here, we investigated the role of the two Flvcr1 isoforms during erythropoiesis. We showed that, in mice and zebrafish, Flvcr1a is required for the expansion of committed erythroid progenitors but cannot drive their terminal differentiation, while Flvcr1b contributes to the expansion phase and is required for differentiation. FLVCR1a-down-regulated K562 cells have defective proliferation, enhanced differentiation, and heme loading in the cytosol, while FLVCR1a/1b-deficient K562 cells show impairment in both proliferation and differentiation, and accumulate heme in mitochondria. These data support a model in which the coordinated expression of Flvcr1a and Flvcr1b contributes to control the size of the cytosolic heme pool required to sustain metabolic activity during the expansion of erythroid progenitors and to allow hemoglobinization during their terminal maturation. Consistently, reduction or increase of the cytosolic heme rescued the erythroid defects in zebrafish deficient in Flvcr1a or Flvcr1b, respectively. Thus, heme export represents a tightly regulated process that controls erythropoiesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-729
Number of pages10
JournalHaematologica
Volume100
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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