The field of hepatology has made impressive progress over its 75 years of existence. Advances in understanding liver function and its dysregulation in disease, genetic determinants of disease, antiviral therapy, and transplantation have transformed the lives of patients. However, there are still significant challenges that require ongoing creativity and discipline, particularly with the emergence of fatty liver diseases, as well as managing autoimmune disease, cancer, and liver disease in children. Diagnostic advances are urgently needed to accelerate risk stratification and efficient testing of new agents with greater precision in enriched populations. Integrated, holistic care models should be extended beyond liver cancer to diseases like NAFLD with systemic manifestations or extrahepatic comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, addiction, and depressive disorders. To meet the growing burden of asymptomatic liver disease, the workforce will need to be expanded by incorporating more advanced practice providers and educating other specialists. The training of future hepatologists will benefit from incorporating emerging skills in data management, artificial intelligence, and precision medicine. Continued investment in basic and translational science is crucial for further progress. The challenges ahead are significant, but with collective effort, the field of hepatology will continue to make progress and overcome obstacles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-648
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2023


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