The functional impact of HIV-associated neuropsychological impairment in Spanish-speaking adults: A pilot study

Monica Rivera Mindt, Mariana Cherner, Thomas D. Marcotte, David J. Moore, Heather Bentley, Maria M. Esquivel, Yanira Lopez, Igor Grant, Robert K. Heaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Among English-speaking adults, HIV-associated neuropsychological (NP) impairments have been associated with problems in everyday functioning, including ability to function at work and drive an automobile. Latinos account for a disproportionate number of HIV/AIDS cases nationwide, and a significant segment of this population is primarily Spanish speaking. We have previously developed an assessment that evaluates English-speakers on a variety of instrumental activities of daily living. In this pilot study, we used Spanish-language translations of our funtional bravery to investigate the cultural relevance of such measures, and to explore relationships between NP status and ability to perform important everyday tasks in HIV-infected Spanish-speakers. Sixteen HIV-infected monolingual Spanish-speaking adults received comprehensive, Spanish language NP testing and functional assessments included the following domains: Medication Management, Cooking, Finances, Shopping and Restaurance Scenario. Results revealed that most of the functional tasks appeared culturally relevant and appropriate with minor modifications. NP-impaired participants were significantly more functionally impaired compounds to NP normals (88% vs 13% p<.01). Performances on the functional assessment and the NP battery were also related to indicators of real world functioning, including employment status and quality of life. These results though preliminary suggest that Spanish language functional assessments are potentially valid tools for detecting everyday functioning deficits associated with NP impairments in HIV infected Spanish-speakers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-132
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes


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