The five D's of botulinum toxin: Doses, dilution, diffusion, duration and dogma

Ana Paula De Sa Earp, Ellen S. Marmur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to update cosmetic dermatologists and surgeons on the latest information about botulinum toxin injections for the treatment of the face and neck and to provide a practical guide to effective and safe technique. We review indications, recommended doses and dilutions, storage recommendations and injection techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-102
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Botulinum toxin
  • Dynamic rhytids

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