The efficacy of the after-visit summary in medication recall among glaucoma patients

Kyle J. Hirabayashi, Madison Pomerantz, Jake E. Radell, Nisha Chadha, Stephanie Thomas, Janet B. Serle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Précis:To assess the after-visit summary (AVS) as a tool for glaucoma medication recall. Medication recall was associated with level of education and complexity of medication regimen. Receiving an AVS was not associated with better medication recall.Purpose:The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients given the AVS have better or worse glaucoma medication recall.Materials and Methods:Observational clinical study. Adults on =1 glaucoma medications examined between June 30, 2017 and August 2, 2017. Data collection: in-person questionnaire and retrospective chart review. Self-reported glaucoma medications compared with prescribed glaucoma medication regimen verified by electronic medical record. Medication recall assessed using 3-point scoring: 1 point each for; (1) name or color of bottle or cap; (2) treatment eye(s); and (3) dosing regimen. Data analysis: 2-sample Welch t test, 2-proportion z-test, analysis of variance, univariate, and multivariate regression.Results:A total of 118 patients enrolled: age 69.7±12.9 years (mean±SD), 55.9% of patients had received an AVS at the previous visit. Of these, 33.3% reported receiving an AVS, 51.2% reported not receiving one (15.1% did not recall or respond). Patients who had received AVSs had lower medication recall scores than those who did not (2.4±1.0 vs. 2.7±0.6, P=0.04). Receipt of an AVS was associated with having Nisha Chadha as their provider (P=0.01), fewer days since prior visit (P=0.0001), and medication regimen change at prior visit (P<0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed completion of associate's degree or higher and fewer prescribed medications to be independent predictors of higher recall score (P=0.0002 and 0.002).Conclusions:AVSs were conceived to enhance patient care. This study indicates this goal is not achieved consistently. Less education and more complex medication regimens were identified as barriers to medication recall. Additional investigations should explore if modifying this document and enhanced explanation of its use will impact medication recall and health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-535
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • after-visit summary (AVS)
  • barrier
  • compliance
  • glaucoma
  • glaucoma medication
  • medication recall


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