The Effects on Liver Metastases of Circadian Patterned Continuous Hepatic Artery Infusion of FUDR

M. Margaret Kemeny, Galo Alava, Jorge M. Oliver

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although continuous hepatic artery infusions (CHAI) of (FUDR) Floxuridine have been effective in reducing the size of colorectal hepatic metastases the toxicity of the infusions have been high with almost a quarter of the patients developing biliary sclerosis. Techniques to lower toxicity, yet continue the beneficial antitumor effects, are being investigated. One suggested strategy is to change the flow pattern of the continuous infusion from a constant rate to a day cycled pattern. In this infusion a continuous rate is given over a 24 hour period with 60% of the infusion delivered between 3 PM and 9 PM and the least amount of infusion delivered between 3 AM and 9 PM. Previous research has suggested that this day cycle pattern will lower the toxicity of the infusion. This experiment is a test of “day cycled” continuous hepatic artery infusions in rats bearing hepatic metastases from a colon adenocarcinoma. Previous research from our laboratory has shown a lowered toxicity when the constant infusion was replaced with the day cycled pattern. In the present study 10 rats with hepatic adenocarcinoma metastases were placed on constant CHAI of FUDR at 10mg/kg/day for 14 days. There was an 80% mortality from chemotherapy toxicity and a 90% objective response rate. Nine other rats were treated with “day cycled” CHAI of FUDR at 15mg/kg/d. There was no mortality in this group and the objective response rate was 90% as in the previous group. This study demonstrated that “day cycled” CHAI of FUDR was substantially less toxic and that the antitumor effect was identical to the constant infusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalHPB Surgery
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Circadian rhythm
  • hepatic artery infusion

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