The Effects of Core Suture Purchase on the Biomechanical Characteristics of a Multistrand Locking Flexor Tendon Repair: A Cadaveric Study

Steve K. Lee, Rachel Y. Goldstein, Alissa Zingman, Carl Terranova, Philip Nasser, Michael R. Hausman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effects of suture purchase on work of flexion (WOF), 2-mm gap force, and load to failure on the combination cross-locked cruciate-interlocking horizontal mattress (CLC-IHM) flexor tendon repair in zone II. Methods: A total of 33 fresh-frozen cadaveric fingers were mounted in a custom jig, and the flexor digitorum profundus of each finger was fixed to the mobile arm of a tensile strength machine. Initial measurements of WOF were obtained. Each tendon was repaired with the CLC core suture, randomly assigned to placement of 3, 5, 7 or 10 mm from the cut edge of the tendon, and completed with the IHM circumferential suture. After the repair was completed, measurements of WOF were repeated. Each finger was cycled 1000 times. After each 250 cycles, gapping was recorded, and WOF was measured again. Change in WOF (WOF after repair - WOF of intact tendon) was calculated. Tendons were then dissected from the fingers and linearly tested for 2-mm gap force and ultimate load to failure. Results: The group repaired at 10 mm had the lowest percent increase in WOF (5.2%), the highest 2-mm gap force (89.8 N), and the highest ultimate load to failure (111.5 N). The group repaired at 3 mm had the highest percent increase in WOF (22.1%), the lowest 2-mm gap force (54.6 N), and the lowest ultimate load to failure (84.6 N). Conclusions: A 10-mm suture purchase is the recommended distance for optimal performance for the CLC-IHM combination repair method. This method with a 10-mm suture purchase has a low increase in WOF, high strength, and high resistance to gapping, and it should be strong enough to tolerate early motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1171
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cruciate repair
  • flexor tendon
  • hand surgery
  • suture purchase
  • work of flexion

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