The effect of sociodemographic factors, parity and cervical cancer on antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated cystitis in women: A nationwide cohort study

Filip Jansåker, Xinjun Li, Jenny Dahl Knudsen, Veronica Milos Nymberg, Kristina Sundquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common reasons for antibiotic treatment in otherwise healthy women. Nationwide studies on antibiotic treatment for this infection and in relation to factors beyond the infection itself have hitherto not been available. Methods: This was a nationwide open cohort study consisting of 352,507 women aged 15–50 years with uncomplicated cystitis (2006–2018). The outcome was a redeemed antibiotic prescription within five days from the cystitis diagnosis. Logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between the outcome and the predictor variables. Results: This study identified 192,065 redeemed treatments (54.5%). Several sociodemographic variables were associated with antibiotic treatment. For example, women with the lowest income had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.26 (95% CI 1.23–1.28) compared to those with the highest income. History of cervical cancer and high parity were also associated with lower treatment rates. Conclusion: This study presents novel factors beyond the infection which seem to affect the antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated cystitis in women. Future studies to investigate possible mechanisms are warranted in order to properly use our findings. This may help healthcare workers and planners to provide a more equal treatment plan for this common infection, which may reduce misuse of antibiotics, decrease costs and improve efforts against antibiotic resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1389
JournalAntibiotics
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cystitis
  • Parity
  • Sociodemographic factors
  • UTI

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