The effect of rehabilitation service use on coping patterns over time among older adults with age-related vision loss

Kathrin Boerner, Joann P. Reinhardt, Amy Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To enhance our understanding of coping and rehabilitation in the context of adaptation to disability by examining how coping may change over a two-year time period, and how different vision rehabilitation services may affect coping over time. Design: Longitudin al two-wave study (baseline and two-year follow-up). Setting: Vision rehabilitation agency. Subjects: Older adults with visual impairment. Method: In-person interviews using structured assessments of functional vision loss and functional disability, rehabilitation service use and coping strategies. Results: Ninety-five people participated in both study waves. Findings showed change in patterns of coping over the two-year period of the study, as participants adjusted to living with age-related vision loss. Although instrumental coping was the only coping mode with evidence for average change (a decrease), affective and escape/distraction strategies showed individual variation in change over time. Rehabilitation use explained variance in coping at time 2 over and above impairment status and coping at time 1. Those who used a greater number of assistive aids between time points were likely to report more instrumental coping at time 2, and those who used counselling between time points were likely to report more affective coping at the two-year follow-up. Finally, those who used more optical aids were likely to report more escape/distraction coping at time 2, whereas those who saw a low vision specialist tended to report less of this type of coping over time. Conclusions: Findings suggest that rehabilitation interventions can affect coping patterns over time, and that direction and magnitude of such an effect may depend on the type of rehabilitation received.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-487
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

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