The Effect of Multiple Scopus Profiles on the Perceived Academic Productivity of Neurosurgeons in the United States

Vikram Vasan, Theodore C. Hannah, Margaret Downes, Troy Li, Muhammad Ali, Alexander Schupper, Matthew Carr, Roshini Kalagara, Zerubabbel Asfaw, Addison Quinones, Eugene Hrabarchuk, Lily McCarthy, Adam Y. Li, Saadi Ghatan, Tanvir F. Choudhri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Bibliometrics assessing academic productivity plays a significant role in neurosurgeons’ career advancement. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of multiple author profiles on Scopus on neurosurgeon author-level metrics (h-index, document number, citation number). Methods: A list of 1671 academic neurosurgeons was compiled through public searches of hospital and faculty websites for 115 neurosurgical residency training programs. The h-index, document number, and citation number for each neurosurgeon were collected using the Scopus algorithm. For surgeons with multiple profiles, total document number and citation number were calculated by summing results of each profile. Cumulative h-indices were calculated manually. Comparisons were made between surgeons with a single Scopus profile and surgeons with multiple profiles. Results: A total of 124 neurosurgeons with multiple profiles were identified. Gender distribution (P = 0.47), years in practice (P = 0.06), subspecialty (P = 0.32), and academic rank (P = 0.16) between neurosurgeons with a single profile versus multiple profiles were similar. Primary profile h-index median was 16 (interquartile range [IQR]: 8–34), combined profiles median was 20 (IQR: 11–36), and percent loss median was 17.3% (IQR: 3%–33%) (P < 0.001). For document number, primary profile median was 46 (IQR: 16–127), combined profiles median was 55 (IQR: 22–148), and percent loss median was 16.2% (IQR: 7%–36%) (P < 0.001). For citation number, primary profile median was 1030 (IQR: 333–4082), combined profiles median was 1319 (IQR: 546–4439), and percent loss median was 14.1% (IQR: 4%–32%) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: U.S. academic neurosurgeons with multiple existing profiles on Scopus experience a 17.3% loss in h-index, a 16.2% loss in document number, and a 14.1% loss in citations, heavily undercounting their perceived academic productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e500-e505
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Academic productivity
  • Bibliometrics
  • Citations
  • Document number
  • Promotions
  • h-index


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