The effect of increased frequency of hemodialysis on vitamin C concentrations: An ancillary study of the randomized Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) daily trial

Jochen G. Raimann, Samer R. Abbas, Li Liu, Brett Larive, Gerald Beck, Peter Kotanko, Nathan W. Levin, Garry Handelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Reports on vitamin C in HD patients have shown effects of vitamin C deficiency in association with scurvy symptoms. Dialyzability of water soluble vitamins is high, and substantial losses in those who are dialyzed more frequently were hypothesized. The randomized FHN Daily Trial compared the effects of in-center HD six versus three times per week. We studied baseline correlations between vitamin C and potentially associated parameters, and the effect of more frequent HD on circulating vitamin C concentrations. Methods: We studied vitamin C levels at baseline and months, 3, 5 and 11. Patients enrolled between 2007 and 2009 into the randomized FHN Daily trial in the East Coast consortium were approached for participation. Predialysis plasma samples were processed with metaphosphoric acid and frozen at-70 °C for measurement with HPLC. Regression models between baseline log-transformed vitamin C and hemoglobin, CRP, eKt/V, ePCR and PTH, and a linear mixed-effects model to estimate the effect size of more frequent HD on plasma vitamin C, were constructed. Results: We studied 44 subjects enrolled in the FHN Daily trial (50 ± 12 years, 36% female, 29% Hispanics and 64% blacks, 60% anuric). Vitamin C correlated significantly with predialysis hemoglobin (r = 0.3; P = 0.03) and PTH (r =-0.3, P = 0.04), respectively. Vitamin C did not significantly differ at baseline (6×/week, 25.8 ± 25.9 versus 3×/week, 32.6 ± 39.4 μmol/L) and no significant treatment effect on plasma vitamin C concentrations was found [-26.2 (95%CI-57.5 to 5.1) μmol/L at Month 4 and-2.5 (95%CI-15.6 to 10.6) μmol/L at Month 12. Conclusions: Based on data from this large randomized-controlled trial no significant effect of the intervention on circulating plasma vitamin C concentrations was found, allaying the concerns that more frequent HD would affect the concentrations of water-soluble vitamins and adversely affect patient's well-being. Correlations between vitamin C and hemoglobin and PTH support the importance of vitamin C for normal bone and mineral metabolism, and anemia management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number179
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical trials
  • Frequent hemodialysis network (FHN)
  • Hemodialysis
  • Left ventricular mass
  • More frequent hemodialysis
  • Physical health component score
  • Vitamin C

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