The effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on coronary blood flow and hemodynamics in patients without coronary artery disease

David P. Faxon, Mark A. Creager, Jonathan L. Halperin, Howard A. Sussman, Haralambos Gavras, Thomas J. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the role of the renin-angiotensin system in the regulation of systemic and coronary vascular tone by studying the effect of converting enzyme inhibition by teprotide on systemic and coronary hemodynamic parameters in 14 normal patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization. Serial hemodynamic measurements were made before and up to 30 minutes after 1 mg/kg of intravenous teprotide. A significant rise in cardiac index and stroke volume index occurred with a fall in systemic vascular resistance. The increase in cardiac index was related to the level of resting plasma renin activity. Blood pressure, pulmonary artery and left ventricular end-diastolic pressures remained unchanged. Coronary sinus thermodilution blood flow also showed no significant change; however, some patients demonstrated dramatic increase in flow. The change in blood flow was highly correlated with the resting plasma renin activity (r = 0.939 P < 0.001). The change in coronary vascular resistance and myocardial oxygen consumption were likewise related to the resting plasma renin level. Converting enzyme inhibition produces significant systemic hemodynamic changes in normal patients which implies that the renin-angiotensin system is important in normal cardiovascular homeostasis. The direct relationship between plasma renin activity and coronary blood flow suggests that the renin-angiotensin system may play an important role in coronary vasomotor regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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