The Effect of an α-7 Nicotinic Allosteric Modulator PNU120596 and NMDA Receptor Antagonist Memantine on Depressive-like Behavior Induced by LPS in Mice: The Involvement of Brain Microglia †

Sami Alzarea, Muzaffar Abbas, Patrick J. Ronan, Kabirullah Lutfy, Shafiqur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), particularly the α7 nAChR, play a critical role in neuroinflammation and microglial activation associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). Microglial quinolinic acid (QUIN), which is synthesized by 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase (HAAO), is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist and has been implicated in the development of MDD-related symptoms. In the present study, we assessed the effects of PNU120596, an α7 nAChR positive allosteric modulator (PAM), on HAAO expression and QUIN formation in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. We also investigated the effects of memantine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, alone and in combination with PNU120596 on cognitive deficit and depressive-like behaviors induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice using the Y-maze and forced swim test, respectively. LPS (1 mg/kg, i.p.) elevated HAAO expression and QUIN formation in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, which were reduced with pretreatment with PNU120596 (4 mg/kg, i.p.). Furthermore, memantine (1 or 3 mg/kg, i.p.) prevented the cognitive deficit and depressive-like behaviors induced by LPS in mice. Together, these results suggest that the antidepressant-like effects of PNU120596 are mediated by attenuation of LPS-induced QUIN formation. Therefore, α7 nAChR PAM could be a potential therapeutic candidate for MDD associated with neurotoxic glutamatergic transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1493
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor
  • major depressive disorder
  • mice
  • neuroinflammation
  • nicotinic receptor
  • α7 nicotinic receptor positive allosteric modulator

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