The differential effects of mutant p53 alleles on advanced murine lung cancer

Erica L. Jackson, Kenneth P. Olive, David A. Tuveson, Roderick Bronson, Denise Crowley, Michael Brown, Tyler Jacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

442 Scopus citations


We report a direct comparison of the differential effects of individual p53 mutations on lung tumor growth and progression, and the creation of a murine model of spontaneous advanced lung adenocarcinoma that closely recapitulates several aspects of advanced human pulmonary adenocarcinoma. We generated compound conditional knock-in mice with mutations in K-ras combined with one of three p53 alleles: a contact mutant, a structural mutant, or a null allele. p53 loss strongly promoted the progression of K-ras-induced lung adenocarcinomas, yielding a mouse model that is strikingly reminiscent of advanced human lung adenocarcinoma. The influence of p53 loss on malignant progression was observed as early as 6 weeks after tumor initiation. Furthermore, we found that the contact mutant p53R270H, but not the structural mutant p53 R172H, acted in a partially dominant-negative fashion to promote K-ras-initiated lung adenocarcinomas. However, for both mutants, loss-of-heterozygosity occurred uniformly in advanced tumors, highlighting a residual tumor-suppressive function conferred by the remaining wild-type allele of p53. Finally, a subset of mice also developed sinonasal adenocarcinomas. In contrast to the lung tumors, expression of the point-mutant p53 alleles strongly promoted the development of sinonasal adenocarcinomas compared with simple loss-of-function, suggesting a tissue-specific gain-of-function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10280-10288
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Issue number22
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes


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