The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire: A Critical Review

Donald J. Viglione, Philip A. Clemmey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; Blatt, D'Afflitti, & Quinlan, 1976) is critically reviewed. First the developmental, object representations theory differentiating depression into anaclitic and introjective subtypes is presented. The DEQ factors of Dependency and Self-Criticism were initially found to be consistent with these clinically meaningful depressive subtypes. Subsequent research has generally demonstrated that these subtypes, at least as measured by the DEQ, do not hold up well in clinical populations. Furthermore, the validity of the developmental theory of these subtypes is weak. We suggest that more internally consistent and distinct factors should be developed from clinical populations because of their potential clinical usefulness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Sep 1990
Externally publishedYes


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