The cytoplasmic sequence of E-cadherin promotes non-amyloidogenic degradation of Aβ precursors

Georgia Agiostratidou, Rosa Miñana Muros, Junichi Shioi, Philippe Marambaud, Nikolaos K. Robakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase system promotes production of the Abeta (Aβ) peptides by mediating cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the γ-sites. This system is also involved in the processing of type-I transmembrane proteins, including APP, cadherins and Notch1 receptors, at the ε-cleavage site, resulting in the production of peptides containing the intracellular domains (ICDs) of the cleaved proteins. Emerging evidence shows that these peptides have important biological functions, raising the possibility that their inhibition by γ-secretase inhibitors may be detrimental to the cell. Here, we show that peptide E-Cad/CTF2, produced by the PS1/γ-secretase processing of E-cadherin, promotes the lysosomal/endosomal degradation of the transmembrane APP derivatives, C99 and C83, and inhibits production of the APP ICD (AICD). In addition, E-Cad/CTF2 decreases accumulation of total secreted Aβ. These data suggest a novel method to promote the non-amyloidogenic degradation of Aβ precursors and to inhibit Aβ production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1188
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Abeta
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • E-cadherin
  • Lysosomal/endosomal system
  • Presenilin
  • γ-secretase

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